CHAIN Academic Seminar #2

池上高志(Takashi Ikegami)氏
ダビデ・マロッコ(Davide Marocco)氏講演会

8月23日(金)に、東京大学教授の池上高志先生、
ナポリ大学准教授のダビデ・マロッコ先生の講演会を開催いたします。
人工知能・人工生命・複雑系などにご関心をお持ちの方々、
主体性や agency の問題に関心をお持ちの方々は、ぜひお越し下さい。

日時:2019年8月23日(金)16:00‐18:00
場所:北海道大学人文・社会科学総合教育研究棟(W棟)W201室
言語:英語

池上高志「Offloaded Agency:エージェンシーはインストールされる 」

Abstract: I have developed a new android called “Alter”.  Based on the artificial life principle (using T3 chaos and the new learning principle called stimulus avoidance[1][2]), Alter behaves autonomously and he receives visual and sound information from the environment.  Here Alter mimics human behavior coming in front of  him spontaneously using the internal simulator. Especially with this version  at the Barbican center[3], Alter   creates new actions patterns by  switching between the action sequence generated by the internal simulator  and the stored memories of its past behaviors [4]. I would like to discuss the purpose of this project  Alter and the concept of ” offloaded agency”.  This work is also based on the series of our psychological experiments called Perceptual Crossing Experiments”[5]. 
References:
[1] Lana Sinapayen, Atsushi Masumori, Takashi Ikegami: Learning by stimulation avoidance: A principle to control spiking neural networks dynamics., PLoS ONE,12(2): e0170388. 2017.
[2] Doi, I., Ikegami, T., Masumori, A., Kojima, H., Ogawa K., and Ishiguro, H. A new design principle for an autonomous robot, 14th European Conference on Artificial Life(ECAL2017), pp.490-466.
[3] The Barbican major new exhibition 2019 May 15th- : AI: More than Human http://digicult.it/slider/ai-more-than-human/[4] Otto E Rossler, Lisa-Ruth Vial, Frank Kuske, August Nitschke, Takashi Ikegami and Andrei Ujica. Brain Equation and Personogenesis. Clinics in Pediatrics, vol.2 2019, pp.1-11.[5] Hiroki Kojima, Tom Froese, Mizuki Oka, Hiroyuki Iizuka, Takashi Ikegami: A Sensorimotor Signature of the Transition to Conscious Social Perception: Co-regulation of Active and Passive Touch, Frontiers in Psychology, 8.01778, 2017.

講師 紹介 (池上高志氏):
1984年東京大学理学部物理学科卒業、1989年同大学院理学系研究科博士課程修了。1990年神戸大学大学院自然科学研究科助手。1994年東京大学大学院総合文化研究科広域科学専攻助教授に。2008年より東京大大学院広域科学専攻教授。理学博士。複雑系と人工生命をテーマに研究を続けるかたわら、アートとサイエンスの領域をつなぐ活動も精力的に行う。

ダビデ・マロッコ「Embodied Cognition and Sensorimotor Coordination in Human Development: A perspective on Autism Research」

The advent of modern technological devices create new opportunities to advance more than one field of enquiry at the scientific and clinical levels on human behaviour and development. Common to these areas are issues with social dynamics and embodied cognition that require new methods for data gathering within naturalistic situations, managing the large amount of data collected from many sensors, and overall introducing new analytical platforms that can handle data streams in near-real time. Up to now, particularly in psychology and psychometric research, many of these aspects have remained largely beneath the observer’s awareness and because we have mostly relied on observation for both science and clinical areas, we have missed important components scaffolding human behaviour and social dynamics. We have also made many a priori assumptions about our data that can now be challenged by empirical estimation of many parameters related to the nervous systems functioning. This has created a tangible gap between the research and the clinical communities that should be better integrated, once we become aware of the issues. In the talk, I will discuss approaches and will provide examples of how we can deal with those issues in multiple settings, ranging from computational areas of AI and ML, to basic psychological research, with a particular focus on autism research. I will advocate for multi-disciplinary approaches to address many of the current problems, to bring multiple communities together, and to develop collaborative efforts to tackle and understand such issues.

講師 紹介 (ダビデ・マロッコ氏):
Davide Marocco, PhD, is Associate Professor of Psychometric at the University of Naples Federico II. He works with computational models for research and evaluation in psychology with particular interest in the use of innovative assessment methods, such as serious games for negotiation, effective communication and conflict resolution, and innovative methods of psychological analysis, recently applied on autism research. His research activity is centered on Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Modeling. Previously, he was Visiting Professor at the University of Hokkaido, Reader in Cognitive Robotics and Intelligent Systems at the University of Plymouth, and Researcher at the Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies of the CNR of Rome; he is the coordinator of various European projects in the context of the use of technology in psychological analysis and intervention. Between the most recent is the Erasmus+ ACCORD project which aims to define an educational tool that integrates theoretical and practical aspects on conflict management in intercultural domain in the school context.